Following are a list of frequently asked questions regarding my module subscriptions

Seperac Modules FAQ

Yes, all modules are available for subscription and the materials have been updated for the July 2019 exam. For example, the MBE Outline is intended to reflect the J19 MBE and the MBE Rules module contains the changes from the recently released 2019 NCBE MBE Study Aid. Please also note that I update the materials where applicable. For example, once the F19 essays are released, I will post a new MEE Issue Spotting Outline and MP3 on the UBE Essays module. Likewise, when I complete the MEE and MPT Essay Comparison Banks, they will also be added to the UBE Essays site.
The Combined MBE and Essay module is a one-time fee of $500 and expires August 1 for a July exam or March 1 for a February exam. Accessing the site after you sign up is very simple – you will receive an email and then you simply go to your Registered Member Page and login using the credentials you entered during the payment process. You will have access to two different modules (UBE Essays and the Combined MBE module) and can toggle between them through the Registered Member Page (or just add the links to your Favorites/Bookmarks). On the pages for each subscription, the materials and be downloaded immediately (you can even use a download manager to download all the contents automatically).  

I generally encourage first-time examinees to take a standard bar review course and supplement with my modules. Even if you are in an at-risk demographic as a first-time examinee (e.g. foreign examinee or part-time studier), you really can’t gauge your ability to pass until you take the exam. For example, one recent first-time foreign examinee from West Africa passed with an exceptionally high UBE score of 321 despite numerous impediments. The examinee told me: “This was my first attempt ever and all the odds were heavily stacked against me. I’m a foreign educated attorney from west Africa. Additionally I’m a mother of a toddler who was 17 months when I sat bar, a wife, and I was 7 months pregnant during exam. I was also breastfeeding months leading up to exam and was throwing up a lot during bar prep (made me weak and tired all the time). We also moved across state 2 weeks to the exam and that took a significant amount of time away from my prep.” On top of all these issues, the NY UBE pass rate for this demographic is about 10%, making this accomplishment even more noteworthy. Accordingly, you simply don’t know how you will do until you do it.

In contrast, UBE Course subscribers are generally examinees who have repeatedly failed but absolutely need to pass on their next attempt (e.g. because their job is at risk or it will be their last full attempt). Thus, it makes more sense to choose the economical route first and see what happens. If you are contemplating the UBE Course, any amount you pay for a subscription module will be credited if you later decide to sign up for the UBE course. For example, if you purchase the J19 Combined MBE Outline + UBE Essays Modules for $500 but fail the J19 exam, if you decide to enroll in the F20 UBE Course, it will be discounted by the $500 you paid. Please further note that to enroll in the UBE course, you must provide me with information to verify your examinee status and also sign a comprehensive Non-Disclosure Agreement. If you are unwilling to do this, you should not sign up or purchase any subscriptions with the expectation of a later credit.

With the Combined MBE and Essays subscription, you will find all the subscription materials helpful, but the MBE materials will likely contribute the most to your UBE score (and odds of passing). In a UBE state, you want to spend at least 70% of your overall study-time on the MBE. A good MBE will overcome a lot of problems with the other components. For example, according to a 1976 American Bar Association Journal interview with Joe E. Covington, the director of testing of the National Conference of Bar Examiners, when asked whether state bar examiners can use only the MBE score and not look at the essays at all to make a pass or fail designation, the NCBE director responded: At least four jurisdictions do not read the essay answers of applicant who make a predetermined score or above that score. Some states select an M.B.E, score of 140 for this purpose. Applicants who achieve this selected score or above are admitted to the bar solely on the M.B.E. score. If an applicant scores this high on the M.B.E., the correlation of the essay and M.B.E tests is so good that in only very rare cases would the essay score of an applicant be low enough to bring the average of the scores below the passing score were his essay answers graded. see Everything You Always Wanted to Know about the Multistate Bar Examination, American Bar Association Journal; Mar 1976, Vol. 62 Issue 3, p315. Although this article is from 1976, I believe this still holds true today. This is why out of 4,500+ UBE examinees who failed and sent me their scores, only 110 failed with an MBE score above 140 (meaning about 98% failed with an MBE below 140). This is why you should focus on the MBE and try to get above 140 (which is usually about 65% correct).

The goal of my MBE materials is to help examinees achieve a scaled score of 140 or higher on the MBE. In that regard, I believe my MBE Outline as the best representation of the current MBE exam you will ever see in a commercially available outline – it is highly on point both proportionately and contextually. The best benefit of my MBE outline is that it is packed with the nuances you will see on the current MBE. For example, a subscriber who passed F19 told me: “Your MBE outlines are top notch. They address so many of the nuanced rules I’ve been tested on during this prep cycle and past prep cycles.” Another examinee who failed with an MBE of 127 and then purchased my MBE outline and subsequently passed told me: “Hi Joe! I wanted to let you know I got the great news that I passed the mbe portion of the FL bar! I’m a repeat taker and your outline helped me SO MUCH! THANK YOU! “ In regards to the examinee’s failing attempt, she told me “I felt extremely unprepared for the real property section because there were so many topics I hadn’t even heard of. For example there was a mortgage question regarding marshaling which was in NONE of my bar prep materials. And there was maybe a sentence regarding the fair housing act.” This is precisely what my MBE outline addresses. For example, a subscriber who scored a 174 on the MBE in NY and then a 177 on the MBE in NJ told me: “… as far as the MBE is concerned, your outlines have been most useful since you emphasize the fine distinctions.

Thus, you can regard my MBE outline as an excellent representation (both proportionally and contentually) of the current MBE. For example, an CA examinee who scored a 160.6 on the J18 MBE told me “Your outline is excellent and serves as a great equalizer since the questions on Adaptibar are not fully reflective of the exam.” This MBE outline will serve as a much better reflection of the current MBE exam than the outline you will use with bar reviews such as Barbri or Kaplan. Subscribers generally treat my outline as their MBE bible and adjust their MBE studying based on it. For example, if there is very little coverage for a topic in my MBE outline but it is heavily covered in your Barbri/Kaplan/Themis materials, you should pay less attention to it. Conversely, if my outline stresses a topic but it is not covered in your Barbri/Kaplan/Themis materials, you need to learn it. For example, an examinee who subscribed to the $500 Combined MBE and UBE Essays module who just passed Feb 2019 told me the following “I just wanted to let you know that I passed the TN UBE with a score of 302. I wanted to thank you sincerely for providing such an amazing program for the MEE, MPT, and MBE. It allowed me to really focus my studying and pass with flying colors. Thank you again!

Please note that this is a comprehensive outline rather than an attack outline so it will take you some time to get through it. While an attack outline (i.e. an outline that is 3-5 pages per subject) may be more manageable as the exam nears, I find that outlines significantly smaller than 25 pages per subject are too superficial for productive MBE study. With each exam, I actually have to force myself to limit each subject to only 25 pages of black letter law. I honestly feel that I need more than one page of black letter law per MBE question to cover all the nuances for each MBE topic, but I have settled on one page per MBE question for the time being. Since I put a lot of time into trying to understand the exam, so you can regard my outlines as an excellent reflection of it. Basically, what you can expect on the exam is what you can expect in my outline (which also illustrates how comprehensive the scope of the MBE is). As I mentioned earlier, the best benefit of my MBE Outline is that it is packed with the nuances you will see on the MBE.

The Combined MBE outline also contains my 1,800 NCBE MBE rules which are built into it. Subscribers find these MBE rules very helpful in their MBE studies. Thus, the black letter law sections of the MBE outline will appropriately tell you what to expect on the upcoming exam (both contextually and proportionally), while the built-in MBE rules will tell you what was tested on the past. This is about as complete a picture as you can have of the current MBE exam while being able to study everything for the MBE in one place. Typically, subscribers rank my MBE Rules outline as 2nd or 3rd most helpful in their MBE studies (the UBE MASTER outline is ranked most helpful, but this is only available through my UBE Course). For example, as one examinee recently told me: “Knowing now that I passed, I can confidently say that your MBE Rules outline was indispensable. Even though I probably completed only 400-500 practice MBEs, I really focused on thinking about why I got answers wrong, what aspect of the law I didn’t quite understand, and creating rules that directly addressed that misunderstanding. I then reviewed these rules multiple times.” This is because the past questions serve as a good reflection of the legal concepts currently tested. A 2004 research report entitled A Multivariate Generalizability Analysis of the MBE concluded that “variance component estimates for sub-tests for the February and July administrations are very stable, which indicates that the table of specifications for the MBE is well-defined and faithfully followed, and various forms constructed based on the table of specifications are quite ‘parallel’ to each other.” This is why reviewing NCBE questions is so important. Because the MBE forms are ‘parallel’ to each other, reviewing released MBE questions is the best way to familiarize yourself with future MBE questions. Granted, the farther back you go, the less relevant the questions become (NCBE even warns about this), but there is no better way of understanding the MBE exam than by examining the law tested in the released questions by the exam maker. Accordingly, you should frequently review the rules I wrote for the NCBE OPE questions from 2006-2013 and the NCBE MBE Study Aid questions from 2019.

Included in this Combined MBE + UBE Essays subscription is a separate MBE rules outline you can read or listen to via MP3. It consists of the same MBE rules which are built into the Combined MBE outline, but they are separated based on their importance. Thus, the important NCBE MBE rules (based on questions from 2006 and later) are separated from the less-important rules (based on questions from 1998 and earlier) to enable subscribers to  focus additional time on the 644 most important rules while still spending some time reviewing the less important ones. This is because while any of the 644 legal concepts in the “OPE” MBE Rules can be tested on the upcoming MBE (and therefore important), there are a number of legal concepts in the “NON-OPE” MBE Rules that are no longer tested (making this older set of questions less important). If you answer the released NCBE questions, this serves as a great second perspective and if you don’t answer all the released NCBE questions, this serves as an excellent hedge. Thus, since you are taking Kaplan and may not review the released NCBE questions in your MBE practice, reviewing these rules through my outlines serves as an excellent hedge because you will at least become familiar with the legal concepts tested on the actual MBE.

  The UBE Essays subscription will give you a lot of insight into what is required on the MEE and MPT. The subscription includes the licensed MEEs, but I transform them into more efficient study tools such as condensed outlines, comparison banks and MP3s. Please keep in mind the available component modules (i.e. UBE Essays and MBE Rules) do NOT contain any topic priorities for the upcoming exam. Any material I produce which prioritizes/predicts upcoming exam topics such as my UBE MASTER Outline or Top 50 MEE outline is only available through the UBE Course.

For the MEE, I recommend that subscribers review the MEE Issue Spotting Practice Outline or listen to the MP3s of it. This outline contains every released MEE question from 2002 to present (200+ MEE questions) grouped by subject with the questions sorted from newest to oldest with the corresponding issues and short answers for issue spotting practice. If you don’t have enough time to do full MEE study, this is a great alternative (especially to fill time while you are commuting/working out/etc.). You can listen to these essays in MP3 form while you commute which serves as an excellent way to study more efficiently while also forming different memory impressions.

  For the MPT, there is a very large bank of graded MPTs (500+) spanning the past 19 exams. By looking at a wide variety of real graded MPTs, especially the high scoring MPTs, you will learn by example of how a good MPT answer should be constructed. There is also an MPT Format Bible which will efficiently illustrate to you the majority of past MPT formats (according to NCBE, the MPT format can account for up to 10% of the MPT grade).

In regards to the MBE materials, the 175 page MBE Outline or the 285 page Combined MBE Outline (which contains 25 pages of black letter law for each MBE subject plus another 110 pages of MBE rules for the 1,800+ released NCBE questions) is printable and searchable, but you cannot copy/paste content from it (there is also a watermark on every page for security purposes). If you have access to the MBE Rules subscription, the MBE Rules outlines are likewise watermarked, printable and searchable, but you cannot copy/paste content. There are also MP3s of the MBE rules which can be streamed or downloaded and played in a device. In regards to the MEE and MPT materials, they are in WORD format and can be edited, printed, copied, etc. There are also a good number of MP3s on the UBE Essays site that can be streamed or downloaded. Please also note that I update the materials where applicable. For example, once the F19 essays are released, I will post a new MEE Issue Spotting Outline and MP3. Likewise, when I complete the MEE and MPT Essay Comparison Banks, they will also be added to the site.
No, I don’t. With each exam, I actually have to force myself to limit each subject in my MBE Outline to only 25 pages of black letter law. Quite honestly, sometimes I feel that I need more than one page of black letter law per MBE question to cover all the nuances for each MBE topic, but I have settled on one page per MBE question for the time being. Unless you are domestic educated first-time candidate, smaller outlines will leave you with too many gaps in your MBE knowledge. Basically, the closer you are to the demographic of a domestic educated first-time candidate, the greater your margin of error in MBE study (meaning such examinees can afford to miss questions on new MBE topics because these examinees will still score 65%-75% correct on the MBE based on their demographic). However, the further away you are from this demographic, the lower your margin of error on the MBE (meaning you really need every point you can get because your expected MBE % correct is typically lower than 65%, i.e. below 140 scaled). Put simply, at risk candidates must study as efficiently as possible because they either don’t have the time or ability to fully comprehend everything, so they really can’t afford to study anything that is not on point. However, I put a lot of time into trying to understand the exam, so you can regard my outlines as a very good reflection of it. Basically, what you can expect on the exam is what you can expect in my outline (which also illustrates how comprehensive the scope of the MBE is). I honestly feel that the best benefit of my MBE outline is that it is packed with the nuances you will see on the MBE. If you try to make the outline significantly smaller, it will be too superficial for productive MBE study. I fully understand your desire to drill down the topics and end up with an “attack outline” for when the exam nears, but that is something other supplemental bar reviews provide and I don’t want to re-invent the wheel unless I have a better wheel.
For most examinees, especially first-time domestic educated examinees studying full-time while enrolled in a bar review course, the answer is no. I made the UBE Score Estimator ( so examinees can predict an estimate of their total UBE score based on the entered demographic/grade data. The further away you are from passing, the fewer inefficiencies you can have in your studies. For example, a Domestic-educated Caucasian First-Time examinee with a high LSAT/LGPA can study rather inefficiently (e.g. not study full-time, put a lower percentage of their time into MBE study, or answer MBE practice questions from only one source, or answer only a few hundred MBE questions in practice) and still pass the exam. This is because when a high-ability examinee studies for the bar exam, these examinees understand the material better because they had previously understood it in law school (you don’t get high grades in law school unless you demonstrate your knowledge of the subject matter on exams). These examinees generally also have good writing ability and good memory capacity (which contribute to both law school success and bar exam success). Thus, a high-ability examinee can do inefficient things like listen to the bar review lectures and still do fine on the exam.

In contrast, if you are on the other end of the spectrum (Foreign-educated Non-Caucasian Repeat-Taker), you can’t afford any inefficiencies in your studies. The lower your ability, the less room for error you have in your studying. For example, I strongly believe examinees MUST do well on the MBE in order to pass. There will always be outliers where examinees pass based on a low MBE score and a high written score, but in general it is the best measure of an examinee’s ability. This opinion is shared by NCBE who recently stated that “MBE scores are highly related to total bar exam scores.” In a perfect world with no time constraints, you would memorize your full outlines and then answer each NCBE MBE question over and over until you fully understood the law behind every single NCBE question. However, all examinees are limited in some way by study time, memory capacity, and exam ability. In such cases, you may benefit from a supplement that gives you a better picture of the exam in a more efficient manner and format. Otherwise, lower-ability examinees try to be good at everything, but if their MBE score languishes, they almost always fail.

No. The UBE Essays subscription contains materials carved out of my UBE Course, but it does not include any MEE essay or topic priorities. Accordingly, the UBE Essays subscription does NOT contain the UBE MASTER Outline or the TOP 50 MEE Outline.
If you are a re-taker, if you send me your past score information, you will receive a $25 discount coupon code. Please just email me at joe [@] and tell me what exam you sat for and I will send you the link to the appropriate form to fill out.

In addition, if you are interested in a quid pro quo, I offer a $30 discount coupon code to any examinee who agrees to complete my post-exam followup form within one week after taking the UBE exam (probably takes about 10 minutes of your time). The current version of the post-exam form is here:

This post-exam followup form enables me assess the effectiveness of my materials/advice. It can also help you later if you find out you failed the exam. For example, using this information, I track the key details of your attempt, so if you fail, I will try to match your responses/statistics to whoever previously submitted the most comparable details (and later passed) to give you their advice on what worked for them. Over the past five years, this pin-pointed advice has helped a number of failers pass on their next attempt. Please email me at joe [@] for more details if you are interested.

To give you an example of how examinees use the Combined MBE + UBE Essays subscription to pass the exam, a foreign examinee who passed F19 with a scaled MBE score of 152.1 and total UBE score of 296 told me the following:

Here is how I used my subscription:

MBE Rules:I read through your rules fully at least 3-4 times before the exam. This was the first time I begun to feel that I understood possible questions that could be tested on the exam. Your rules were the closest thing to the exam questions. I started studying for the bar with Barbri and even though I was learning a lot with Barbri I felt like I wasnt being directly prepared for possible bar exam questions. I researched online and read rave reviews about your materials. I decided to follow my gut and try your subscription. You responded quickly to my questions and welcomed me to your subscription family! Once I read your MBE rules, I finally felt like I was hitting the nail on the head and truly understanding potential MBE questions. My advice to anyone is first make sure you understand each MBE subject as well as possble (using Barbri or whatever your primary study material is) then read Joe’s MBE rules thoroughly, at least 3-4 times before the exam. Make sure you understand and can apply each rule fully. Another thing: Barbri advises you wait till last two weeks to memorize for all the subjects. I highly disagree. I was memorizing as I went along–and by memorizing I mean I was making sure that I fully understood each rule in your outline. Whatever didnt “stick” in my mind on the first read would eventually stick on subsequent reads before the exam. Also, start your study early. I dont believe in Barbri’s calender of 2 months of study. Start 1-2 months ahead of Barbri if possible (unless you are already very familiar with the bar materials). It takes time for your mind to digest all the information.

MPT: I followed your advice. First, I fully answered all the MPT essays assigned and graded by Barbri as homework (3-5 full MPT questions). Then I applied your advice… I read through as many additional MPT questions as possible (perhaps 6 additional questions) then read the sample answers as well . I didnt write out these 6 additional questions I just read both the question and the sample answer and it gave me a solid understanding of the pattern of questions tested on the MPT and the pattern of acceptable answers. I believe I read the additional 6 the weekend before the exam so it would be fresh in my mind since NY tests MPT on Day 1.

MEE: Your advice made all the difference! I did all MEE questions assigned by Barbri. Then I read through NEARLY ALL of your MEE questions and answers. I read until I just couldn’t anymore. I noticed your answers to the MEE questions were more thorough and easy to comprehend than Barbri’s. The summary at the beginning of your answers was also super helpful when I felt I was running out of time to read the full answer. Your predictions made a HUGE difference for me as well. It helped me hone in on potential topics that could be tested. It boosted my confidence knowing possible subjects that could be tested. I did make sure that I understood all 13 MEE subjects clearly then I paid extra attention to the topics you predicted. I believe most of your predictions were spot on!!

One more thing: your advice to do all 4 OPE’s and the NCBE study questions was spot on!!!! I believe a few OPE questions were repeated on the test and changed very slightly. I did not get to the NCBE study book due to lack of time but I am sure that would have raised my score even more!! I also did some of the questions in Emmanuel’s Strategy and Tactics which matched the exam questions as well.

Overall, I think another thing that made a BIG difference for me was the level of attention you gave me. When I felt down or unsure or confused I could write to you and get encouragement and a strategy. I DID NOT EVEN GET THIS LEVEL OF ATTENTION FROM BARBRI WHOM I PAID WAY MORE. I could always ask for your advice whenever I felt I hit a wall and you would give me invaluable strategy advice. This made all of the difference. Even when I finished the exam and I was unsure of how I would score your advice boosted my confidence that I passed. Now, I am happy that my score is high enough to transfer to any UBE state. Thanks to you I wrote the bar once and aced it so I dont have to worry about it again!

Joe I believe you have DECODED THE BAR EXAM!! Keep up the excellent work!! If I can do anything to support your business please let me know. I am forever a fan and will spread the word any chance I get.

Another examinee who scored a 150 on the MBE told me:

I did roughly 3,000 mbe practice questions from a variety of sources, wrote down the rule, used your rules and outlines, and self studied. I was scoring between 72-85 percent before the exam so I felt good about the mbe. I’ll be swearing into other states, besides Maine (I can swear into ME by motion in a few years). Thank you for the help and great subscription site. I improved my mbe score by 15 ish pts from the first go-around, which I definitely attribute to your page.